Give the Gift of Fitness!

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Are you looking for ideas for unique Christmas gifts?

HealthStyles Exercise Equipment has some great gifts for fitness enthusiasts in all price ranges!

Whether your gift is for an avid runner, a Cross-Fit or P90X junkie, or a friend or loved on who is trying to firm up or lose weight, here are just a few of the many possible gifts you can put under the tree for those important people in your life.

How Whole Body Vibration Works

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So how does it work?

Whole Body Vibration (WBV) stimulates your body just like exercise does!

Although there are 3 types of WBV technology, they all work on the same principle:

When turning on a whole body vibration machine, the platform you stand on moves, but it does so very rapidly. This motion is then transferred up through your body. What happens on the inside is that all of your tissues are forced to react to that stimulus.

WBV works and tones your muscles
WBV works very similar to the knee jerk reflex. You know, the same reflex that is being triggered when you sit on the table in your doctor’s office and the doctor taps your kneecap. You have no control over your lower leg motion.

When muscles are activated via a "stretch reflex" your body has no choice but to react. WBV technology exploits this fact by using an external stimulus – the vibrating platform. You then load a muscle or muscle group in line with the direction of the vibration by assuming various positions, similar to some yoga type positions. Your muscles respond to the vibration as compensation with a brief reflex contraction of virtually all muscle fibers of that particular muscle.

Now remember, the platform moves anywhere from about 1000 to 3000 times a minute depending on the machine and technology! You can imagine the type of stimulus this creates, thus causing the muscles to tone and strengthen faster than any other workout.

Whole Body Vibration:

  • Increases blood flow throughout your body
  • Increases lymphatic drainage
  • Increases the release of Endorphins
  • Lowers your stress hormone Cortisol
  • Trains your equilibrium sense

When you use a WBV platform for training, rehabilitation, or therapy you’re getting an unbelievable workout. All the exercises are done either standing, sitting, or lying down. And because of the frequency of the platform movement, in just 10 minutes using a WBV machine you can now get the equivalent of 60 minutes of conventional boring exercise at a gym.

The benefits of WBV training are considerable, as evidenced by its acceptance to major medical, rehabilitation and therapeutic centers across the country. The health benefits are multifold and results can be achieved easily. WBV can enhance your general well being and quality of life regardless of age, medical, neurological or physical condition. WBV training is not difficult, but it can be challenging – the degree of difficulty is entirely up to you.

Whole Body Vibration is relatively new to the US market. Not all companies are the same and not all whole body vibration machines are built the same. I encourage you to get educated about the technology and see what’s out there before investing in whole body vibration equipment. Once you do decide to incorporate WBV into your lifestyle you’ll be on a path to better health and wellness. WBV really is amazing!

Dr. Christian H. Reichardt, DC, CCSP, (drreichardt@powervibeusa.com) has been a practicing doctor of chiropractic since 1983. He was a disability evaluator for the State of California, but then turned his attention from work-related injuries to sports injuries due to his own involvement in sports. Dr. Reichardt has been using Whole Body Vibration technology for the past 15 years and is an owner and President of PowerVibe LLC – a leading company in quality yet affordable Whole Body Vibration equipment in the United States.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Christian_Reichardt

Click here to shop for Vibration Trainers.

Osteoporosis and Whole Body Vibration

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Review of Research on Osteoporosis and Whole Body Vibration

Osteoporosis, or bone de-mineralization, is a disorder where bones become fragile and therefore more likely to break. It has become a very prevalent disorder in modern times. According to the National Osteoporosis foundation, 44 million Americans are at risk! Bone density is largely determined by genetic factors, yet environmental factors will influence the genetic predisposition greatly. It is measured as Bone Mineral Density (BMD). The best example environmental factor is the fact that we ill lose significant bone mass in the weightlessness of outer space in a very short time. Other factors, such as exercise, nutrition and hormonal balance influence the amount of minerals in our bones.

Contrary to popular belief, bone is alive! In fact, it actually responds very well to stresses put upon it by becoming denser. In medicine it is known that bone strength adjusts to allow for the vertical stresses put upon it. Thus the prescription of weight bearing exercises for osteoporosis patients! The direct vertical impact through such exercise combined with the indirect mechanical impact from stronger muscles acting on the bone, stimulates the bone cells to deposit more minerals and firm up the bone tissue.

The PowerVibe Whole body Vibration units deliver a direct stimulus to the skeletal structure of the user, thus directly stimulating the cells responsible for producing a higher BMD.

Over the last several years several universities around the globe have done research on WBV as an effective tool in the battle against osteoporosis.

Below is a recap of those findings:

1) A l-year randomized, double-blind" and placebo-controlled trial of 70 postmenopausal women demonstrated that brief periods (<20 minutes) of a low-level, high frequency (0.2A, 30 Hz) vibration applied during quiet standing can effectively inhibit bone loss in the spine and femur by 0.93%. Dynamic muscle strength improved by over 16%!

The protocol was a short duration 2- l0minute treatments/ day, low-magnitude, 3 mm 30Hz vertical acceleration (vibration)

The importance of this study is the fact that WBV can become the noninvasive, mechanically mediated intervention for osteoporosis. It is a non-pharmacologic approach, based on stimulating bone-physiology as a means of inhibiting the decline in Bone Mineral Density that follows menopause.

Verschueren, et al, .Journal of Bone and Mineral Research vol19, #3, 2004

2) This study was further substantiated by another study published in the same magazine. The researchers came to very similar conclusions concerning BMD. Not surprising, it was further established the best results were established with the patients that had the best compliance to the exercise protocols.

Rubin et al, Journal of Bone and mineral Research, Vol.19, Number 3, 2004

3) In another study, the best results in transmitting the vibration through bone was achieved at lower frequencies, as bone transmission of vibration is better at those settings. Best results yet were achieved at 20 Hz, 80% of those results at 25 Hz. The best transmission of vibration through the bone was when standing in an erect posture, whereas bending the knees decreased the efficiency of the transmission by 70%! The importance of this study is the fact that WBV produces a very powerful stimulus to bone that may indeed prove to have significant bone growth effects!

Spine, Volume 28, # 25, 2003

4) A fourth study measured the effects of WBV on muscular strength and BMD in the hip against 2 control groups.

One group did no exercise, the other group did knee extensor exercises. The WBV group performed static and dynamic knee-extensor exercises on a vibration platform (35-40 Hz, 2.28-5.09g), which was shown to mechanically load the bone and evoke reflexive muscle contractions.The group working out with Vibration training improved isometric and dynamic muscle strength by15% and also significantly increased BMD of the hip by 0.93%. Laboratory of Motor Control, Department of Kinesiology, “Faculteit Lichamelijke Opvoeding en Kinesitherapie, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium”.

5) In a fifth study, the results showed that short bouts (10 minutes daily at 35 Hz) of extremely low-level mechanical signals, several orders of magnitude below that associated with vigorous exercise, increased bone and muscle mass in the weight-bearing skeleton of young adult females with low BMD. A 3.9% increase in cancellous bone of the spine, 2.9% increase in cortical bone of the femur and 7.2% increase in musculature of the spine was achieved. Should these musculo-skeletal enhancements be preserved through adulthood, this intervention may prove to be a deterrent to osteoporosis in the elderly.

Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA.

Therefore an exercise protocol for osteoporosis should include the following exercises:

1) 10 minutes, 2x/day, standing erect at 20Hz!!

2) Static and dynamic strengthening of the lower extremities, particularly the knee extensors, at 35-40 Hz.

Previously, medical research has shown weight-bearing exercise to be the treatment of choice for osteoporosis. WBV technology with its rapid acceleration/deceleration of bone tissue allows to ‘Supercharge” such exercises in a simple, fast efficient and safe manner. It therefore becomes the logical addition to any osteoporosis treatment plan!

Dr Alexander Cadoux and Dr Christian Reichardt

Whole Body Vibration Research Studies

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Clinical Trials

Influence of Whole Body Vibration Compared to Conventional Physiotherapy in Patients With Gonarthrosis; Study began March 2010; Estimated study completion by April 2011.

Effect of Bone on Alpha Motor Neuron Excitability (EBAMNE); Study began in May 2010; Estimated study completion by November 2010.

Mechanical Bone Stimulation and Adenosine 5′-Triphosphate (ATP) Release in Humans; Study starts July 2010; Estimated study completion by December 2010.

Effect of Vibration Therapy on Bone in Persons With Sub-acute Spinal Cord Injury; Study started June 2009; Estimated study completion by June 2012.

Vibration Training and Muscle Strength Development; Study started June 2010; Estimated study completion by September 2010.

Low-magnitude High-frequency Vibration Study on Fracture Rate in Community Elderly; Study started January 2009; Estimated study completion by December 2011.

Resistance Training in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COPD): Whole Body Vibration Versus Conventional Resistance Training (REWORK); Study started April 2010; Estimated study completion by January 2011.

Improving Low Bone Mass With Vibration Therapy in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS); Study started January 2009; Estimated study completion by December 2011.

Influence of Whole Body Vibration Compared to Conventional Physiotherapy in Patients With Gonarthrosis; Study started March 2010; Estimated study completion by April 2011.

Vibration Intervention For Bone Enhancement In Childhood Cancer Survivors (VIBE); Study started in April 2010; Estimated study completion by December 2012.

Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Balance in the Elderly Population; Study started in January 2010; Estimated study completion by August 2010.

Effects of Whole Body Vibration in People With Chronic Stroke; Study started in July 2009; Estimated study completion by June 2011.

Effect of Whole Body Vibration Therapy in Children With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (WBV-JIA); Study started in February 2009; Estimated study completion by August 2012.

Whole Body Vibration Therapy in Participants With MS Related Balance Deficits; Study started in October 2006; study is ongoing.

Resistance Exercise Training For Radically Treated Respiratory Cancer (REINFORCE); Study started in January 2009; Estimated study completion by December 2011.

Bone Health in Pediatric Crohn’s Disease: A Low Magnitude Mechanical Stimulus Trial; Study started in February 2007; Estimated study completion by February 2011.

Fitness / Training

Dabbs NC , Brown LE, Coburn JW, Lynn SK, Biagini MS, Tran TT. Effect of whole-body vibration warm-up on bat speed in women softball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 Sep;24(9):2296-9.

Marín PJ, Herrero AJ, Sáinz N, Rhea MR, García-López D. Effects of different magnitudes of whole-body vibration on arm muscular performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 Sep;24(9):2506-11.

Eckhardt H, Wollny R, Müller H, Bärtsch P, Friedmann-Bette B. Enhanced Myofiber Recruitment During Exhaustive Squatting Performed as Whole-Body Vibration Exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 Jul 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Wang CZ, Wang GJ, Ho ML, Wang YH, Yeh ML, Chen CH. Low-magnitude vertical vibration enhances myotube formation in C2C12 myoblasts. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2010 Jul 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Hazell TJ, Kenno KA, Jakobi JM. Evaluation of muscle activity for loaded and unloaded dynamic squats during vertical whole-body vibration. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 Jul;24(7):1860-5.

Cochrane DJ, Stannard SR, Firth EC, Rittweger J. Comparing muscle temperature during static and dynamic squatting with and without whole-body vibration. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. 2010 Jul; 30(4): 223-9. [Epub 2010 May 11]

Feland JB, Hawks M, Hopkins JT, Hunter I, Johnson AW, Eggett DL. Whole Body Vibration as an Adjunct to Static Stretching. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010 Jun 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Di Giminiani R, Manno R, Scrimaglio R, Sementilli G, Tihanyi J. Effects of individualized whole-body vibration on muscle flexibility and mechanical power. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2010 Jun; 50(2): 139-51.

Ritzmann R, Kramer A, Gruber M, Gollhofer A, Taube W. EMG activity during whole body vibration: motion artifacts or stretch reflexes? European journal of applied physiology 2010 Apr 24. [Epub ahead of print]

Marín PJ, Rhea MR. Effects of vibration training on muscle power: a meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Mar;24(3):871-8.

Bunker DJ, Rhea MR, Simons T, Marin PJ. "The Use of Whole-Body Vibration as a Golf Warm-Up." J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Mar 10. [Epub ahead of print]

Colson SS, Pensini M, Espinosa J, Garrandes F, Legros P. "Whole-body vibration training effects on the physical performance of basketball players." J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Mar 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Lamont HS, Cramer JT, Bemben DA, Shehab RL, Anderson MA, Bemben MG. "Effects of Adding Whole Body Vibration to Squat Training on Isometric Force/Time Characteristics." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Nov 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Vissers D, Baeyens JP, Truijen S, Ides K, Vercruysse CC, Van Gaal L. "The effect of whole body vibration short-term exercises on respiratory gas exchange in overweight and obese women." Phys Sportsmed. 2009 Oct;37(3):88-94.

Da Silva-Grigoletto ME, Vaamonde DM, Castillo E, Poblador MS, García-Manso JM, Lancho JL. "Acute and cumulative effects of different times of recovery from whole body vibration exposure on muscle performance." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Oct;23(7):2073-82.

McBride JM, Nuzzo JL, Dayne AM, Israetel MA, Nieman DC, Triplett NT. "Effect of an Acute Bout of Whole Body Vibration Exercise on Muscle Force Output and Motor Neuron Excitability." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Oct 7. [Epub ahead of print]

Van Erck A, Vanden Bossche L, Witvrouw E, Van der Kelen V, Wojtowicz I, Adriaenssen J, De Camps T, Van Mieghem S, De Muynck M, Rimbaut S, Parlevliet T, Vanderstraeten G. "Effect of whole body vibration on intracompartmental pressure in the lower leg." J Orthop Sci. 2009 Sep;14(5):618-22. Epub 2009 Oct 3.

Fjeldstad C, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, Bemben DA. "Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women." Maturitas. May 20, 2009 ;63(1):79-83. Epub Apr 21, 2009 .

Rhea MR, Kenn JG. "The effect of acute applications of whole-body vibration on the iTonic platform on subsequent lower-body power output during the back squat." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Jan;23(1):58-61.

Adams JB, Edwards D, Serviette D, Bedient AM, Huntsman E, Jacobs KA, Del Rossi G, Roos BA, Signorile JF. "Optimal frequency, displacement, duration, and recovery patterns to maximize power output following acute whole-body vibration." J Strength Cond Res. Jan 2009;23(1):237-45.

Kemertzis MA, Lythgo ND, Morgan DL, Galea MP. "Ankle flexors produce peak torque at longer muscle lengths after whole-body vibration." Med Sci Sports Exerc. Nov 2008;40(11):1977-83. [Epub ahead of print edition on Oct 8, 2008 ]

Jacobs PL , Burns P. "Acute Enhancement of Lower-Extremity Dynamic Strength and Flexibility with Whole-Body Vibration." J Strength Cond Res. 2008 Sep 26.

Silva HR, Couto BP, Szmuchrowski LA. "Effects of mechanical vibration applied in the opposite direction of muscle shortening on maximal isometric strength." J Strength Cond Res. 2008 Jul;22(4):1031-6.

Dolny DG, Reyes GF. "Whole body vibration exercise: training and benefits." Curr Sports Med Rep. 2008 May-Jun;7(3):152-7.

Melnyk M.; B. Kofler, M. Faist, M. Hodapp, A. Gollhofer. Effect of a Whole-Body Vibration Session on Knee Stability. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008 Apr 9.

Cochrane, D.J.; S.R. Stannard, A.J. Sargeant, J. Rittweger. "The rate of muscle temperature increase during acute whole-body vibration exercise." European Journal of Applied Physiology 2008 Apr. 8

Maloney-Hinds, C., J.S. Petrofsky, and G. Zimmerman. "The effect of 30 Hz vs. 50 Hz passive vibration and duration of vibration on skin blood flow in the arm." Medical Science Monitor. 2008 Mar. 14(3):CR112-116.

Kinser A., Ramsey M., O’Bryant H., Ayres C.A. , Sands, W.A. and Stone M.H. "Vibration and Stretching Effects on Flexibility and Explosive Strength in Young Gymnasts." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2008 Jan;40(1):133-40.

Annino G., E. Padua, C. Castagna, V.D. Salvo, S. Minichella, O. Tsarpela, V. Manzi, S. D’Ottavio. "Effect of whole body vibration training on lower limb performance in selected high-level ballet students." The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2007 Nov. 21(4):1072-6.

Da Silva M.E., Fernandez J.M., Castillo E., Nuñez V.M., Vaamonde D.M., Poblador M.S. and Lancho J.L. "Influence of Vibration Training on Energy Expenditure in Active Men." The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2007, 21(2), 470–475.

Delecluse, C., M. Roelants, and S. Verschueren. "Strength Increase after Whole-Body Vibration Compared with Resistance Training." Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 35, No. 6, pp. 1033–1041, 2003. [PDF]

Cardinale, M. and J. Lim. "Electromyography Activity of Vastus Lateralis Muscle During Whole Body Vibrations of Different Frequencies." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2003, pg. 621-624. [PDF]

Rittweger, J., et al. "Oxygen Uptake in Whole Body Vibration Exercise: Influence of Vibration Frequency, Amplitude and External Load." International Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 23, 2002, pg. 428-432. [abstract]

Bosco, C., et al. "New Trends in Training Science: The Use of Vibrations for Enhancing Performance." New Studies in Athletics, Vol. 14, No.4, 1999, pg.55-62. [PDF]

Bosco, C., R. Colli, E. Introini, M. Cardinale, M. Iacovelli’, J. Tihanyi, S.P. von Duvillard, A. Viru. "Adaptive Responses of Human Skeletal Muscle to Vibration Exposure." Clinical Physiology, Vol. 19, No. 2, Feb. 1999, pg. 183.[PDF]

Bosco, C., et al. "The Influence of Whole Body Vibration on Jumping Performance." Biology of Sport, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1998, pg. 157-164. [PDF]

Issurin, V. B. and Liebermann, D. G. "Effect of vibratory stimulation training on maximal force and flexibility." Journal of Sports Science, Vol. 12, No. 6, 1994.

Mark, A., et al. "Metabolic and Cardiovascular Responses During Whole Body Vibration Exercise: a Pilot Study." Poster presentation of research. [PDF]

Bosco, C., et al. "The Influence of Whole Body Vibration on the Mechanical Behaviour of Skeletal Muscle." Research paper. [PDF]

Weight Loss

Vissers D, Verrijken A, Mertens I, Van Gils C, Van de Sompel A, Truijen S, Van Gaal L. Effect of long-term whole body vibration training on visceral adipose tissue: a preliminary report. Obesity Facts. 2010, 3(2): 93-100. [Epub 2010 Apr 7]

Vissers D, Baeyens JP, Truijen S, Ides K, Vercruysse CC, Van Gaal L. "The effect of whole body vibration short-term exercises on respiratory gas exchange in overweight and obese women." Phys Sportsmed. 2009 Oct;37(3):88-94.

"Vibration plate machines may aid weight loss and trim abdominal fat." Press release, The European Association for the Study of Obesity. 2009 May 8.

Fjeldstad C, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, Bemben DA. Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women." Maturitas. May 20, 2009 ;63(1):79-83. Epub Apr 21, 2009 .

Christiansen BA. "Whole-body vibration and weight loss: truth or consequence?" Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Mar;33(3):384; author reply 382-3.

Maddalozzo GF, Iwaniec UT , Turner RT, Rosen CJ, Widrick JJ. "Whole-body vibration slows the acquisition of fat in mature female rats." Int J Obes (Lond). Sep 2008;32(9):1348-54. Epub Jul 29, 2008 .

Chiang, Tai Ju and Wang, Soun Cheng Ph.D."The Influence of Whole Body Vibration Stimulus on Energy Expenditure in Obesities" Master’s Thesis, Graduate Institute of Sport and Leisure Education at National Chung Cheng University , July 2007.

P Kotecha. "Effect of 8-Week Study of Oscill-8 on weight, body fat, muscle mass and blood pressure." Anecdotal study, Health Products Research ( Harrow , Middlesex)

Bonner Physical Therapy "Metabolic Study, Oct-Nov 2003" 2003.

Rittweger J, Schiessl H, Felsenberg D. "Oxygen uptake during whole-body vibration exercise: comparison with squatting as a slow voluntary movement" Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001 Dec;86(2):169-73.

Rehab

Sayenko DG, Masani K, Alizadeh-Meghrazi M, Popovic MR, Craven BC. Acute effects of whole body vibration during passive standing on soleus H-reflex in subjects with and without spinal cord injury. Neuroscience Letters. 2010, Jul 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Tihanyi J, Giminiami R, Tihanyi T, Gyulai G, Trzaskoma L, Horváth M. Low resonance frequency vibration affects strength of paretic and non-paretic leg differently in patients with stroke. Acta physiologica Hungarica. 2010 Jun; 97(2): 172-82.

Lapole T, Pérot C. "Effects of repeated Achilles tendon vibration on triceps surae force production." J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2010 Mar 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Ness LL, Field-Fote EC. "Effect of whole-body vibration on quadriceps spasticity in individuals with spastic hypertonia due to spinal cord injury." Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2009;27(6):621-31.

Hand J, Verscheuren S, Osternig L. "A comparison of whole-body vibration and resistance training on total work in the rotator cuff." J Athl Train. 2009 Sep-Oct;44(5):469-74.

Ness L.L., Field-Fote E.C. "Whole-body vibration improves walking function in individuals with spinal cord injury: A pilot study." Gait Posture. Jul 31, 2009 . [Epub ahead of print]

Bakker EW, Verhagen AP, van Trijffel E, Lucas C, Koes BW. "Spinal mechanical load as a risk factor for low back pain: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies." Spine. Apr 15, 2009 ;34(8):E281-93.

Trans T, Aaboe J, Henriksen M, Christensen R, Bliddal H, Lund H. "Effect of whole body vibration exercise on muscle strength and proprioception in females with knee osteoarthritis." Knee. Jan 13, 2009 .

Moezy, Azar; Gholamreza Olyaei, Mohammadreza Hadian, Mohammad Razi, and Soghrat Faghihzadeh. "A Comparative Study of Whole Body Vibration Training and Conventional Training on Knee Proprioception and Postural Stability after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction" British Journal of Sports Medicine. Online: 2008 Jan. 8.

Wellness

Y. Nishihira, T. Iwasaki, A. Hatta, T. Wasaka, T. Kaneda, K. Kuroiwa, S. Akiyama, T. Kida and K. S. Ryol. "Effect of Whole Body Vibration Stimulus and Voluntary Contraction on Motoneuron Pool" Japan Society of Exercise and Sports Physiology.

Liphardt AM, Mündermann A, Koo S, Bäcker N, Andriacchi TP, Zange J, Mester J, Heer M. "Vibration training intervention to maintain cartilage thickness and serum concentrations of cartilage oligometric matrix protein (COMP) during immobilization." Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2009 Sep 1; Epub ahead of print.

Christiansen BA. "Whole-body vibration and weight loss: truth or consequence?" Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Mar;33(3):384; author reply 382-3. Epub Jan 20, 2009 .

Maddalozzo GF, Iwaniec UT , Turner RT, Rosen CJ, Widrick JJ. "Whole-body vibration slows the acquisition of fat in mature female rats." Int J Obes (Lond). Sep 2008;32(9):1348-54. Epub Jul 29, 2008 .

Otsuki T, Takanami Y, Aoi W, Kawai Y, Ichikawa H, Yoshikawa T. "Arterial stiffness acutely decreases after whole-body vibration in humans." Acta Physiol (Oxf). Epub May 29, 2008 .

Goto K, Takamatsu K. "Hormone and lipolytic responses to whole body vibration in young men." Jpn J Physiol. Oct 2005;55(5):279-84. Epub Nov 8, 2005 .

Cardinale, M. "The Effects of Vibration on Human Performance and Hormonal Profile." Doctoral thesis, Semmelweis University , 2002. [PDF]

Kalu, D.N., et al. "How Cancellous and Cortical Bones Adapt to Loading and Growth Hormone." Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 2000, Vol. 1, No. 1, pg. 19-23.

Bosco, C., et al. "Hormonal Responses to Whole-Body Vibration in Men." European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2000, pg. 449-454.

Aging

Bemben DA, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, Knehans AW. Effects of combined whole-body vibration and resistance training on muscular strength and bone metabolism in postmenopausal women. Bone. 2010 Jun 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Wenger KH, Freeman JD, Fulzele S, Immel DM, Powell BD, Molitor P, Chao YC, Gao HS, El-Salanty M, Hamrick MW, Isales CM, Yu JC. Effect of whole-body vibration on bone properties in aging mice. Bone. 2010 Jul 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Furness TP, Maschette WE, Lorenzen C, Naughton GA , Williams MD. Efficacy of a Whole-Body Vibration Intervention on Functional Performance of Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2010 Jun 30. [Epub ahead of print]

von Stengel S, Kemmler W, Engelke K, Kalender WA . Effect of whole-body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition for females 65 years and older: a randomized-controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2010 May 24. [Epub ahead of print]

Soiza RL. Letter to the Editor: "Optimising whole body vibration training for use in older people." Age Ageing. 2009 Nov 12. [Epub ahead of print]

"Vibration physical exercises as the rehabilitation in gerontology."[Article in Russian] Adv Gerontol. 2009;22(2):337-42.

Kemmler W, V Stengel S, Mayer S, Niedermayer M, Hentschke C, Kalender WA. Z Gerontol Geriatr. "Effect of whole body vibration on the neuromuscular performance of females 65 years and older : One-year results of the controlled randomized ELVIS study." [Article in German] 2009 Oct 1; Epub ahead of print.

Furness T.P., Maschette W.E. "Influence of whole body vibration platform frequency on neuromuscular performance of community-dwelling older adults." J Strength Cond Res., Aug 2009, 23(5):1508-13.

Kaeding TS. "Sarcopenia and whole body vibration training: An overview." Z Gerontol Geriatr. Epub 2008 Aug 29. [Article in German]

Rees SS, Murphy AJ, Watsford ML. "Effects of whole body vibration on postural steadiness in an older population." J Sci Med Sport. Epub Jun 10, 2008 .

Kawanabe K, Kawashima A, Sashimoto I, Takeda T, Sato Y, Iwamoto J. "Effect of whole-body vibration exercise and muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises on walking ability in the elderly." Keio J Med. Mar 2007;56(1):28-33.

Bruyere, O., et al. "Controlled Whole Body Vibrations Improve Health Related Quality of Life in Elderly Patients." Research article abstract.

Medical

Boyle LJ, Nagelkirk PR. The effects of whole body vibration and exercise on fibrinolysis in men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2010 Aug 5. [Epub ahead of print]

Wunderer K, Schabrun SM, Chipchase LS. Effects of whole body vibration on strength and functional mobility in multiple sclerosis. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 2010 Aug; 26(6): 374-84.

Stark C, Nikopoulou-Smyrni P, Stabrey A, Semler O, Schoenau E. Effect of a new physiotherapy concept on bone mineral density, muscle force and gross motor function in children with bilateral cerebral palsy. Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. 2010 Jun; 10(2): 151-8.

Ruck J, Chabot G, Rauch F. "Vibration treatment in cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled pilot study." J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2010 Mar;10(1):77-83.

Gusi N, Parraca JA, Olivares PR, Leal A, Adsuar JC. "Tilt vibratory exercise improves the dynamic balance in fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial." Arthritis Care Res. ( Hoboken ) 2010 Mar 16. [Epub ahead of print].

Belavý DL, Miokovic T, Armbrecht G, Rittweger J, Felsenberg D. "Resistive vibration exercise reduces lower limb muscle atrophy during 56-day bed-rest." J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2009 Oct-Dec;9(4):225-35.

Thompson, Sylvia. "Green light for exercise." The Irish Times. 2009, Nov 24.

Schyns F, Paul L, Finlay K, Ferguson C, Noble E. Vibration therapy in multiple sclerosis: a pilot study exploring its effects on tone, muscle force, sensation and functional performance. Clin Rehabil. Sep 2009;23(9):771-81. Epub Jun 26, 2009 .

Alentorn-Geli E, Padilla J, Moras G, Lázaro Haro C, Fernández-Solà J. "Six weeks of whole-body vibration exercise improves pain and fatigue in women with fibromyalgia." J Altern Complement Med. Oct 2008;14(8):975-81.

Rietschel E, van Koningsbruggen S, Fricke O, Semler O, Schoenau E. "Whole body vibration: a new therapeutic approach to improve muscle function in cystic fibrosis?" Int J Rehabil Res. 2008 Sep;31(3):253-6.

Semler, O.; O. Fricke, K. Vezyroglou, C. Stark, A. Stabrey, E. Schoenau. "Results of a prospective pilot trial on mobility after whole body vibration in children and adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta." Clinical Rehabilitation. May 2008; 22(5):387-94.

Reichardt, Christian. "Whole Body Vibration and Scoliosis Treatment." The American Chiropractor. April 2008:48-50.

Semler, O., O. Fricke, K. Vezyroglou, C. Stark, E. Schoenau. "Preliminary results on the mobility after whole body vibration in immobilized children and adolescents." J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 2007; 7(1):77-81."One session of whole body vibration increases voluntary muscle strength transiently in patients with stroke." Clinical Rehabilitation 2007. Vol. 21: 782–793.

Tihanyi, T.K., M. Horváth, G. Fazekas, T. Hortobágyi and J. Tihanyi.

Haas, Christian T., Stephan Turbanski, Kirn Kessler and Dietmar Schmidtbleicher. "The effects of random whole-body-vibration on motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease." NeuroRehabilitation 21, 2006: 29–36.

Price, Kelly. Article in the Nashville Medical News. “MS and WBV: A Promising Combination.” October 2006.

Schuhfried, Othmar, C. Mittermaier, T. Jovanovic, K. Pieber and T. Paternostro-Sluga. "Effects of whole-body vibration in patients with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study." Clinical Rehabilitation 2005. Vol. 19: 834-842.

Fontana , Tania L., Carolyn A. Richardson, and Warren R. Stanton. "The effect of weightbearing exercise with low frequency, whole body vibration on lumbosacral proprioception: A pilot study on normal subjects." Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 2005: Vol. 51.

Turbanski S, Haas CT, Schmidtbleicher D, Friedrich A, Duisberg P. "Effects of random whole-body vibration on postural control in Parkinson’s disease." Research in Sports Medicine, 2005, Jul – Sep, Vol. 13, No. 3, pg. 243-56.

van Nes, Ilse J.W., et al. "Short-Term Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Postural Control in Unilateral Chronic Stroke Patients: Preliminary Evidence." Abstract from the American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 83, No. 11, Nov. 2004, pg. 867-873.

Verschueren, S., M. Roelants, C. Delecluse, S. Swinnen, D. Vanderschueren and S. Boonen. "Effect of 6-Month Whole Body Vibration Training on Hip Density, Muscle Strength, and Postural Control in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 19, March 2004, pg. 352-359.

Lenhardt, M.L., et al. "Use of High-Frequency and Muscle Vibration in the Treatment of Tinnitus." International Tinnitus Journal, 2003, Vol. 9, No. 1, pg. 32-36.

Bone Health / Osteoporosis

Belavý DL, Beller G, Armbrecht G, Perschel FH, Fitzner R, Bock O, Börst H, Degner C, Gast U, Felsenberg D. Evidence for an additional effect of whole-body vibration above resistive exercise alone in preventing bone loss during prolonged bed rest. Osteoporos Int. 2010 Sep 3. [Epub ahead of print]

Verschueren SM, Bogaerts A, Delecluse C, Claessens AL, Haentjens P, Vanderschueren D, Boonen S. The effects of whole body vibration training and vitamin D supplementation on muscle strength, muscle mass and bone density in institutionalised elderly women – A 6-month randomised controlled trial. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 2010 Jul 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Judex S, Rubin CT. Is bone formation induced by high-frequency mechanical signals modulated by muscle activity?. Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions.. 2010 Mar; 10(1): 3-11.

Slatkovska L, Alibhai SM, Beyene J, Cheung AM. Effect of whole-body vibration on BMD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Osteoporosis International. 2010 Apr 21. [Epub ahead of print]

von Stengel S, Kemmler W, Engelke K, Kalender WA . "Effects of whole body vibration on bone mineral density and falls: results of the randomized controlled ELVIS study with postmenopausal women." Osteoporos Int. 2010 Mar 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Wenger KH, Freeman JD, Fulzele S, Immel DM, Powell BD, Molitor P, Chao YC, Gao HS, El-Salanty M, Hamrick MW, Isales CM, Yu JC. Effect of whole-body vibration on bone properties in aging mice. Bone. 2010 Jul 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Humphries B, Fenning A, Dugan E, Guinane J, MacRae K. "Whole-body vibration effects on bone mineral density in women with or without resistance training." Aviat Space Environ Med. 2009 Dec;80(12):1025-31.

de Zepetnek JO, Giangregorio LM, Craven BC. "Whole-body vibration as potential intervention for people with low bone mineral density and osteoporosis: a review." J Rehabil Res Dev. 2009;46(4):529-42.

Rittweger J, Beller G, Armbrecht G, Mulder E, Buehring B, Gast U, Dimeo F, Schubert H, de Haan A, Stegeman DF, Schiessl H, Felsenberg D. "Prevention of bone loss during 56 days of strict bed rest by side-alternating resistive vibration exercise." Bone 2009 Sep 2; Epub ahead of print.

von Stengel S, Kemmler W, Mayer S, Engelke K, Klarner A, Kalender WA. "Effect of whole body vibration exercise on osteoporotic risk factors." Dtsch Med Wochenschr [article in German]. Jul 2009;134(30):1511-6. Epub Jul 14, 2009 .

Sehmisch S, Galal R, Kolios L, Tezval M, Dullin C, Zimmer S, Stuermer KM, Stuermer EK. "Effects of low-magnitude, high-frequency mechanical stimulation in the rat osteopenia model." Osteoporos Int. Mar 13, 2009 .

Ezenwa B, Burns E, Wilson C. "Multiple vibration intensities and frequencies for bone mineral density improvement." Conference Proceedings, IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2008;1:4186-9.

Palca, Joe. "Vibrations Shown to Build Bone, Reduce Fat." A news article featuring Clinton Rubin’s research into whole body vibration. National Public Radio (text and audio), October 29, 2007 .

Rubin, Clinton T. "Contraindications and Potential Dangers of the Use of Vibration as a Treatment for Osteoporosis and other Musculoskeletal Diseases." Published April 2007.

Gilsanz, Vicente, Tishya AL Wren, Monique Sanchez, Frederick Dorey, Stefan Judex, and Clinton Rubin. "Low-Level, High-Frequency Mechanical Signals Enhance Musculoskeletal Development of Young Women With Low BMD." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. Vol. 21, No. 9, 2006.

Rubin, Clinton, Stefan Judex, Yi-Xian Qin. "Low-level mechanical signals and their potential as a non-pharmacological intervention for osteoporosis." Age and Ageing. 2006; 35-S2: ii32–ii36.

Rubin, Janet; Clinton Rubin, Christopher Rae Jacobs. "Molecular pathways mediating mechanical signaling in bone." Gene. 2006 Feb 15. 367: 1-16.

Verschueren, S., M. Roelants, C. Delecluse, S. Swinnen, D. Vanderschueren and S. Boonen. "Effect of 6-Month Whole Body Vibration Training on Hip Density, Muscle Strength, and Postural Control in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 19, March 2004, pg. 352-359.

Barry, Patrick L. quot;Good Vibrations: A New Treatment Under Study by NASA-funded Doctors Could Reverse Bone Loss Experienced by Astronauts in Space." Science @ NASA Web site, Nov. 2, 2001 .

Bosco, C., R. Colli, E. Introini, M. Cardinale, M. Iacovelli’, J. Tihanyi, S.P. von Duvillard, A. Viru. "Adaptive Responses of Human Skeletal Muscle to Vibration Exposure." Clinical Physiology, Vol. 19, No. 2, Feb. 1999, pg. 183.[PDF]

Schießl, H., J. Willnecker. "New Insights about the Relationship between Bone Strength and Muscle Strength." Paper abstract.[PDF]

General Information

Marín PJ, Bunker D, Rhea MR, Ayllón FN. "Neuromuscular activity during whole-body vibration of different amplitudes and footwear conditions: implications for prescription of vibratory stimulation." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Nov;23(8):2311-6.

"Vibration and the Neuromuscular System." Educational article from the Perth Integrated Health Clinic.

Rittweger J. "Vibration as an exercise modality: how it may work, and what its potential might be." Eur J Appl Physiol. 2009 Dec. 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Rauch F. "Vibration therapy." Dev Med Child Neurol. 2009 Oct;51. Suppl 4:166-8.

Belav, D.L.; J.A. Hides, S.J. Wilson, W. Stanton, F.C. Dimeo, J. Rittweger, D. Felsenberg, C.A. Richardson. "Resistive simulated weightbearing exercise with whole body vibration reduces lumbar spine deconditioning in bed-rest." Spine. 2008 Mar. 1. 33,(5): E121-31.

Hazell, T.J., J.M. Jakobi, K.A. Kenno. "The effects of whole-body vibration on upper- and lower-body EMG during static and dynamic contractions." Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2007 Dec. 32(6): 1156-63.

Palca, Joe. "Vibrations Shown to Build Bone, Reduce Fat." A news article featuring Clinton Rubin’s research into whole body vibration. National Public Radio (text and audio), October 29, 2007 .

Reichardt, Christian H. "Vibrational Therapy: How does it work for exercise?" The American Chiropractor July 2007.

Bruce, Robert Douglas, III. "The Problem of Bone Loss During Space Flight and the Need for More Effective Treatments to Make a Mission to Mars Safer." May 28, 2002 . Literature Review.

Raloff, Janet. "Medicinal EMFs: Harnessing Electric and Magnetic Fields for Healing and Health." Science News, Vol. 156, No. 20, 1999, pg. 316.

Griffin , M.J. "Biodynamic Response To Whole-Body Vibration." The Shock and Vibration Digest 1981. Vol. 13; 3-12.

Zen Pro Vibration Trainer Video

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The Zen Pro is a Whole Body Vibration technology platform that gives you better results in less time. Proven and validated for over 40 years as a superior way to train, the Zen Pro was created specifically to generate performance results to the entire body.

Click here to shop for Vibration Trainers.

Whole Body Vibration. A Revolutionary Approach to Exercise!

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Whole Body Vibration (WBV) and vibration training continue to be topics of interest and curiosity in the world of fitness and wellness. While participating in the Colorado Garden and Home Show in Denver last week, HealthStyles featured a Power Plate My 5 WBV machine in our booth that prompted a huge amount of interest, conversation, and some skepticism.

What is it, what are the benefits and why? As a therapy, WBV was explored by Russian scientist Vladimir Nazarov, who tested vibration on cosmonauts in an effort to decrease the loss of muscle and bone in space. In 1999 Dutch Olympic Trainer Guus van der Meer adapted and improved the technology.

There have been over 180 research studies and more are being conducted every day to determine the benefits and effectiveness of Whole Body Vibration. The research has shown that, when used regularly as a part of a healthy lifestyle, vibration training has numerous wellness and fitness benefits including:

  1. Strength: Improves muscle tone, builds explosive power and endurance.
  2. Flexibility: Increases range of motion, coordination, balance and stability.
  3. Circulation: Improves and increase blood flow to strengthen the cardiovascular system.
  4. Weight Loss: Reduces body fat and enhances metabolism.
  5. Cellulite Reduction: Diminishes the appearance of cellulite.
  6. Build Bone Density: Increases bone mineral density and prevents bone loss due to aging.
  7. Alleviate Pain: Promotes faster recovery of damaged muscles and tendons, decreases pain and improves joint function.

Why does it work? Whole Body Vibration stimulates our body just like exercise does! When you stand on a vibration trainer, the platform moves very rapidly. This controlled motion is transferred up through your body and all of your tissues are forced to react to the stimulus of the vibrating platform. Your muscles respond to the vibration as compensation, with a brief reflex contraction of virtually all muscle fibers of that particular muscle. The platform moves anywhere from 1000 to 3000 times per minute, meaning that your muscles are reacting and contracting that many times each minute as well!

In order for the muscle to contract it needs to burn glucose and oxygen – and it gets the oxygen from your blood flow! Your body supplies the needed oxygen and glucose by increasing your heart rate to get the necessary nutrients to the muscle. Therefore, Whole Body Vibration naturally increases your circulation. In addition WBV also increases lymphatic drainage, the release of endorphins and helps improve balance.

Because of these benefits the use of vibration trainers has become common among professional athletes, personal trainers, health clubs, physical therapists, chiropractors, and rehabilitation units and by individuals of all fitness levels and ages. They are being used to enhance stretching, balance, core training and strength training as well as reduce and or reverse the impact of some illnesses such as osteoporosis and multiple sclerosis.

Undoubtedly there will be more and more information on vibration training and its benefits as time goes on. At HealthStyles we feel that it is a viable addition to fitness routines for individual ranging from the very fit to the de-conditioned market, and as time goes on, the applications for WBV will be better and better understood and more widely recognized and used. We currently carry both the Power Plate and Power Vibe brands of vibration trainers with both manufacturers making a variety a both retail and commercial models.

Stop into your local HealthStyles location and try out a vibration trainer today!

Whole Body Vibration Training

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The science behind Whole Body Vibration (WBV) has been around for over 40 years, and the effects of WBV are remarkable. The benefits and effectiveness of whole body vibration training are just becoming known to the mainstream population and they are as exciting as they are revolutionary! Continue reading