Whole Body Vibration Research Studies

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Clinical Trials

Influence of Whole Body Vibration Compared to Conventional Physiotherapy in Patients With Gonarthrosis; Study began March 2010; Estimated study completion by April 2011.

Effect of Bone on Alpha Motor Neuron Excitability (EBAMNE); Study began in May 2010; Estimated study completion by November 2010.

Mechanical Bone Stimulation and Adenosine 5′-Triphosphate (ATP) Release in Humans; Study starts July 2010; Estimated study completion by December 2010.

Effect of Vibration Therapy on Bone in Persons With Sub-acute Spinal Cord Injury; Study started June 2009; Estimated study completion by June 2012.

Vibration Training and Muscle Strength Development; Study started June 2010; Estimated study completion by September 2010.

Low-magnitude High-frequency Vibration Study on Fracture Rate in Community Elderly; Study started January 2009; Estimated study completion by December 2011.

Resistance Training in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COPD): Whole Body Vibration Versus Conventional Resistance Training (REWORK); Study started April 2010; Estimated study completion by January 2011.

Improving Low Bone Mass With Vibration Therapy in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS); Study started January 2009; Estimated study completion by December 2011.

Influence of Whole Body Vibration Compared to Conventional Physiotherapy in Patients With Gonarthrosis; Study started March 2010; Estimated study completion by April 2011.

Vibration Intervention For Bone Enhancement In Childhood Cancer Survivors (VIBE); Study started in April 2010; Estimated study completion by December 2012.

Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Balance in the Elderly Population; Study started in January 2010; Estimated study completion by August 2010.

Effects of Whole Body Vibration in People With Chronic Stroke; Study started in July 2009; Estimated study completion by June 2011.

Effect of Whole Body Vibration Therapy in Children With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (WBV-JIA); Study started in February 2009; Estimated study completion by August 2012.

Whole Body Vibration Therapy in Participants With MS Related Balance Deficits; Study started in October 2006; study is ongoing.

Resistance Exercise Training For Radically Treated Respiratory Cancer (REINFORCE); Study started in January 2009; Estimated study completion by December 2011.

Bone Health in Pediatric Crohn’s Disease: A Low Magnitude Mechanical Stimulus Trial; Study started in February 2007; Estimated study completion by February 2011.

Fitness / Training

Dabbs NC , Brown LE, Coburn JW, Lynn SK, Biagini MS, Tran TT. Effect of whole-body vibration warm-up on bat speed in women softball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 Sep;24(9):2296-9.

Marín PJ, Herrero AJ, Sáinz N, Rhea MR, García-López D. Effects of different magnitudes of whole-body vibration on arm muscular performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 Sep;24(9):2506-11.

Eckhardt H, Wollny R, Müller H, Bärtsch P, Friedmann-Bette B. Enhanced Myofiber Recruitment During Exhaustive Squatting Performed as Whole-Body Vibration Exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 Jul 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Wang CZ, Wang GJ, Ho ML, Wang YH, Yeh ML, Chen CH. Low-magnitude vertical vibration enhances myotube formation in C2C12 myoblasts. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2010 Jul 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Hazell TJ, Kenno KA, Jakobi JM. Evaluation of muscle activity for loaded and unloaded dynamic squats during vertical whole-body vibration. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010 Jul;24(7):1860-5.

Cochrane DJ, Stannard SR, Firth EC, Rittweger J. Comparing muscle temperature during static and dynamic squatting with and without whole-body vibration. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. 2010 Jul; 30(4): 223-9. [Epub 2010 May 11]

Feland JB, Hawks M, Hopkins JT, Hunter I, Johnson AW, Eggett DL. Whole Body Vibration as an Adjunct to Static Stretching. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010 Jun 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Di Giminiani R, Manno R, Scrimaglio R, Sementilli G, Tihanyi J. Effects of individualized whole-body vibration on muscle flexibility and mechanical power. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2010 Jun; 50(2): 139-51.

Ritzmann R, Kramer A, Gruber M, Gollhofer A, Taube W. EMG activity during whole body vibration: motion artifacts or stretch reflexes? European journal of applied physiology 2010 Apr 24. [Epub ahead of print]

Marín PJ, Rhea MR. Effects of vibration training on muscle power: a meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Mar;24(3):871-8.

Bunker DJ, Rhea MR, Simons T, Marin PJ. "The Use of Whole-Body Vibration as a Golf Warm-Up." J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Mar 10. [Epub ahead of print]

Colson SS, Pensini M, Espinosa J, Garrandes F, Legros P. "Whole-body vibration training effects on the physical performance of basketball players." J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Mar 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Lamont HS, Cramer JT, Bemben DA, Shehab RL, Anderson MA, Bemben MG. "Effects of Adding Whole Body Vibration to Squat Training on Isometric Force/Time Characteristics." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Nov 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Vissers D, Baeyens JP, Truijen S, Ides K, Vercruysse CC, Van Gaal L. "The effect of whole body vibration short-term exercises on respiratory gas exchange in overweight and obese women." Phys Sportsmed. 2009 Oct;37(3):88-94.

Da Silva-Grigoletto ME, Vaamonde DM, Castillo E, Poblador MS, García-Manso JM, Lancho JL. "Acute and cumulative effects of different times of recovery from whole body vibration exposure on muscle performance." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Oct;23(7):2073-82.

McBride JM, Nuzzo JL, Dayne AM, Israetel MA, Nieman DC, Triplett NT. "Effect of an Acute Bout of Whole Body Vibration Exercise on Muscle Force Output and Motor Neuron Excitability." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Oct 7. [Epub ahead of print]

Van Erck A, Vanden Bossche L, Witvrouw E, Van der Kelen V, Wojtowicz I, Adriaenssen J, De Camps T, Van Mieghem S, De Muynck M, Rimbaut S, Parlevliet T, Vanderstraeten G. "Effect of whole body vibration on intracompartmental pressure in the lower leg." J Orthop Sci. 2009 Sep;14(5):618-22. Epub 2009 Oct 3.

Fjeldstad C, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, Bemben DA. "Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women." Maturitas. May 20, 2009 ;63(1):79-83. Epub Apr 21, 2009 .

Rhea MR, Kenn JG. "The effect of acute applications of whole-body vibration on the iTonic platform on subsequent lower-body power output during the back squat." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Jan;23(1):58-61.

Adams JB, Edwards D, Serviette D, Bedient AM, Huntsman E, Jacobs KA, Del Rossi G, Roos BA, Signorile JF. "Optimal frequency, displacement, duration, and recovery patterns to maximize power output following acute whole-body vibration." J Strength Cond Res. Jan 2009;23(1):237-45.

Kemertzis MA, Lythgo ND, Morgan DL, Galea MP. "Ankle flexors produce peak torque at longer muscle lengths after whole-body vibration." Med Sci Sports Exerc. Nov 2008;40(11):1977-83. [Epub ahead of print edition on Oct 8, 2008 ]

Jacobs PL , Burns P. "Acute Enhancement of Lower-Extremity Dynamic Strength and Flexibility with Whole-Body Vibration." J Strength Cond Res. 2008 Sep 26.

Silva HR, Couto BP, Szmuchrowski LA. "Effects of mechanical vibration applied in the opposite direction of muscle shortening on maximal isometric strength." J Strength Cond Res. 2008 Jul;22(4):1031-6.

Dolny DG, Reyes GF. "Whole body vibration exercise: training and benefits." Curr Sports Med Rep. 2008 May-Jun;7(3):152-7.

Melnyk M.; B. Kofler, M. Faist, M. Hodapp, A. Gollhofer. Effect of a Whole-Body Vibration Session on Knee Stability. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2008 Apr 9.

Cochrane, D.J.; S.R. Stannard, A.J. Sargeant, J. Rittweger. "The rate of muscle temperature increase during acute whole-body vibration exercise." European Journal of Applied Physiology 2008 Apr. 8

Maloney-Hinds, C., J.S. Petrofsky, and G. Zimmerman. "The effect of 30 Hz vs. 50 Hz passive vibration and duration of vibration on skin blood flow in the arm." Medical Science Monitor. 2008 Mar. 14(3):CR112-116.

Kinser A., Ramsey M., O’Bryant H., Ayres C.A. , Sands, W.A. and Stone M.H. "Vibration and Stretching Effects on Flexibility and Explosive Strength in Young Gymnasts." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2008 Jan;40(1):133-40.

Annino G., E. Padua, C. Castagna, V.D. Salvo, S. Minichella, O. Tsarpela, V. Manzi, S. D’Ottavio. "Effect of whole body vibration training on lower limb performance in selected high-level ballet students." The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2007 Nov. 21(4):1072-6.

Da Silva M.E., Fernandez J.M., Castillo E., Nuñez V.M., Vaamonde D.M., Poblador M.S. and Lancho J.L. "Influence of Vibration Training on Energy Expenditure in Active Men." The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2007, 21(2), 470–475.

Delecluse, C., M. Roelants, and S. Verschueren. "Strength Increase after Whole-Body Vibration Compared with Resistance Training." Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 35, No. 6, pp. 1033–1041, 2003. [PDF]

Cardinale, M. and J. Lim. "Electromyography Activity of Vastus Lateralis Muscle During Whole Body Vibrations of Different Frequencies." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2003, pg. 621-624. [PDF]

Rittweger, J., et al. "Oxygen Uptake in Whole Body Vibration Exercise: Influence of Vibration Frequency, Amplitude and External Load." International Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 23, 2002, pg. 428-432. [abstract]

Bosco, C., et al. "New Trends in Training Science: The Use of Vibrations for Enhancing Performance." New Studies in Athletics, Vol. 14, No.4, 1999, pg.55-62. [PDF]

Bosco, C., R. Colli, E. Introini, M. Cardinale, M. Iacovelli’, J. Tihanyi, S.P. von Duvillard, A. Viru. "Adaptive Responses of Human Skeletal Muscle to Vibration Exposure." Clinical Physiology, Vol. 19, No. 2, Feb. 1999, pg. 183.[PDF]

Bosco, C., et al. "The Influence of Whole Body Vibration on Jumping Performance." Biology of Sport, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1998, pg. 157-164. [PDF]

Issurin, V. B. and Liebermann, D. G. "Effect of vibratory stimulation training on maximal force and flexibility." Journal of Sports Science, Vol. 12, No. 6, 1994.

Mark, A., et al. "Metabolic and Cardiovascular Responses During Whole Body Vibration Exercise: a Pilot Study." Poster presentation of research. [PDF]

Bosco, C., et al. "The Influence of Whole Body Vibration on the Mechanical Behaviour of Skeletal Muscle." Research paper. [PDF]

Weight Loss

Vissers D, Verrijken A, Mertens I, Van Gils C, Van de Sompel A, Truijen S, Van Gaal L. Effect of long-term whole body vibration training on visceral adipose tissue: a preliminary report. Obesity Facts. 2010, 3(2): 93-100. [Epub 2010 Apr 7]

Vissers D, Baeyens JP, Truijen S, Ides K, Vercruysse CC, Van Gaal L. "The effect of whole body vibration short-term exercises on respiratory gas exchange in overweight and obese women." Phys Sportsmed. 2009 Oct;37(3):88-94.

"Vibration plate machines may aid weight loss and trim abdominal fat." Press release, The European Association for the Study of Obesity. 2009 May 8.

Fjeldstad C, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, Bemben DA. Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women." Maturitas. May 20, 2009 ;63(1):79-83. Epub Apr 21, 2009 .

Christiansen BA. "Whole-body vibration and weight loss: truth or consequence?" Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Mar;33(3):384; author reply 382-3.

Maddalozzo GF, Iwaniec UT , Turner RT, Rosen CJ, Widrick JJ. "Whole-body vibration slows the acquisition of fat in mature female rats." Int J Obes (Lond). Sep 2008;32(9):1348-54. Epub Jul 29, 2008 .

Chiang, Tai Ju and Wang, Soun Cheng Ph.D."The Influence of Whole Body Vibration Stimulus on Energy Expenditure in Obesities" Master’s Thesis, Graduate Institute of Sport and Leisure Education at National Chung Cheng University , July 2007.

P Kotecha. "Effect of 8-Week Study of Oscill-8 on weight, body fat, muscle mass and blood pressure." Anecdotal study, Health Products Research ( Harrow , Middlesex)

Bonner Physical Therapy "Metabolic Study, Oct-Nov 2003" 2003.

Rittweger J, Schiessl H, Felsenberg D. "Oxygen uptake during whole-body vibration exercise: comparison with squatting as a slow voluntary movement" Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001 Dec;86(2):169-73.

Rehab

Sayenko DG, Masani K, Alizadeh-Meghrazi M, Popovic MR, Craven BC. Acute effects of whole body vibration during passive standing on soleus H-reflex in subjects with and without spinal cord injury. Neuroscience Letters. 2010, Jul 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Tihanyi J, Giminiami R, Tihanyi T, Gyulai G, Trzaskoma L, Horváth M. Low resonance frequency vibration affects strength of paretic and non-paretic leg differently in patients with stroke. Acta physiologica Hungarica. 2010 Jun; 97(2): 172-82.

Lapole T, Pérot C. "Effects of repeated Achilles tendon vibration on triceps surae force production." J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2010 Mar 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Ness LL, Field-Fote EC. "Effect of whole-body vibration on quadriceps spasticity in individuals with spastic hypertonia due to spinal cord injury." Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2009;27(6):621-31.

Hand J, Verscheuren S, Osternig L. "A comparison of whole-body vibration and resistance training on total work in the rotator cuff." J Athl Train. 2009 Sep-Oct;44(5):469-74.

Ness L.L., Field-Fote E.C. "Whole-body vibration improves walking function in individuals with spinal cord injury: A pilot study." Gait Posture. Jul 31, 2009 . [Epub ahead of print]

Bakker EW, Verhagen AP, van Trijffel E, Lucas C, Koes BW. "Spinal mechanical load as a risk factor for low back pain: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies." Spine. Apr 15, 2009 ;34(8):E281-93.

Trans T, Aaboe J, Henriksen M, Christensen R, Bliddal H, Lund H. "Effect of whole body vibration exercise on muscle strength and proprioception in females with knee osteoarthritis." Knee. Jan 13, 2009 .

Moezy, Azar; Gholamreza Olyaei, Mohammadreza Hadian, Mohammad Razi, and Soghrat Faghihzadeh. "A Comparative Study of Whole Body Vibration Training and Conventional Training on Knee Proprioception and Postural Stability after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction" British Journal of Sports Medicine. Online: 2008 Jan. 8.

Wellness

Y. Nishihira, T. Iwasaki, A. Hatta, T. Wasaka, T. Kaneda, K. Kuroiwa, S. Akiyama, T. Kida and K. S. Ryol. "Effect of Whole Body Vibration Stimulus and Voluntary Contraction on Motoneuron Pool" Japan Society of Exercise and Sports Physiology.

Liphardt AM, Mündermann A, Koo S, Bäcker N, Andriacchi TP, Zange J, Mester J, Heer M. "Vibration training intervention to maintain cartilage thickness and serum concentrations of cartilage oligometric matrix protein (COMP) during immobilization." Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2009 Sep 1; Epub ahead of print.

Christiansen BA. "Whole-body vibration and weight loss: truth or consequence?" Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Mar;33(3):384; author reply 382-3. Epub Jan 20, 2009 .

Maddalozzo GF, Iwaniec UT , Turner RT, Rosen CJ, Widrick JJ. "Whole-body vibration slows the acquisition of fat in mature female rats." Int J Obes (Lond). Sep 2008;32(9):1348-54. Epub Jul 29, 2008 .

Otsuki T, Takanami Y, Aoi W, Kawai Y, Ichikawa H, Yoshikawa T. "Arterial stiffness acutely decreases after whole-body vibration in humans." Acta Physiol (Oxf). Epub May 29, 2008 .

Goto K, Takamatsu K. "Hormone and lipolytic responses to whole body vibration in young men." Jpn J Physiol. Oct 2005;55(5):279-84. Epub Nov 8, 2005 .

Cardinale, M. "The Effects of Vibration on Human Performance and Hormonal Profile." Doctoral thesis, Semmelweis University , 2002. [PDF]

Kalu, D.N., et al. "How Cancellous and Cortical Bones Adapt to Loading and Growth Hormone." Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 2000, Vol. 1, No. 1, pg. 19-23.

Bosco, C., et al. "Hormonal Responses to Whole-Body Vibration in Men." European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2000, pg. 449-454.

Aging

Bemben DA, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, Knehans AW. Effects of combined whole-body vibration and resistance training on muscular strength and bone metabolism in postmenopausal women. Bone. 2010 Jun 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Wenger KH, Freeman JD, Fulzele S, Immel DM, Powell BD, Molitor P, Chao YC, Gao HS, El-Salanty M, Hamrick MW, Isales CM, Yu JC. Effect of whole-body vibration on bone properties in aging mice. Bone. 2010 Jul 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Furness TP, Maschette WE, Lorenzen C, Naughton GA , Williams MD. Efficacy of a Whole-Body Vibration Intervention on Functional Performance of Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2010 Jun 30. [Epub ahead of print]

von Stengel S, Kemmler W, Engelke K, Kalender WA . Effect of whole-body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition for females 65 years and older: a randomized-controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2010 May 24. [Epub ahead of print]

Soiza RL. Letter to the Editor: "Optimising whole body vibration training for use in older people." Age Ageing. 2009 Nov 12. [Epub ahead of print]

"Vibration physical exercises as the rehabilitation in gerontology."[Article in Russian] Adv Gerontol. 2009;22(2):337-42.

Kemmler W, V Stengel S, Mayer S, Niedermayer M, Hentschke C, Kalender WA. Z Gerontol Geriatr. "Effect of whole body vibration on the neuromuscular performance of females 65 years and older : One-year results of the controlled randomized ELVIS study." [Article in German] 2009 Oct 1; Epub ahead of print.

Furness T.P., Maschette W.E. "Influence of whole body vibration platform frequency on neuromuscular performance of community-dwelling older adults." J Strength Cond Res., Aug 2009, 23(5):1508-13.

Kaeding TS. "Sarcopenia and whole body vibration training: An overview." Z Gerontol Geriatr. Epub 2008 Aug 29. [Article in German]

Rees SS, Murphy AJ, Watsford ML. "Effects of whole body vibration on postural steadiness in an older population." J Sci Med Sport. Epub Jun 10, 2008 .

Kawanabe K, Kawashima A, Sashimoto I, Takeda T, Sato Y, Iwamoto J. "Effect of whole-body vibration exercise and muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises on walking ability in the elderly." Keio J Med. Mar 2007;56(1):28-33.

Bruyere, O., et al. "Controlled Whole Body Vibrations Improve Health Related Quality of Life in Elderly Patients." Research article abstract.

Medical

Boyle LJ, Nagelkirk PR. The effects of whole body vibration and exercise on fibrinolysis in men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2010 Aug 5. [Epub ahead of print]

Wunderer K, Schabrun SM, Chipchase LS. Effects of whole body vibration on strength and functional mobility in multiple sclerosis. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 2010 Aug; 26(6): 374-84.

Stark C, Nikopoulou-Smyrni P, Stabrey A, Semler O, Schoenau E. Effect of a new physiotherapy concept on bone mineral density, muscle force and gross motor function in children with bilateral cerebral palsy. Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. 2010 Jun; 10(2): 151-8.

Ruck J, Chabot G, Rauch F. "Vibration treatment in cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled pilot study." J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2010 Mar;10(1):77-83.

Gusi N, Parraca JA, Olivares PR, Leal A, Adsuar JC. "Tilt vibratory exercise improves the dynamic balance in fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial." Arthritis Care Res. ( Hoboken ) 2010 Mar 16. [Epub ahead of print].

Belavý DL, Miokovic T, Armbrecht G, Rittweger J, Felsenberg D. "Resistive vibration exercise reduces lower limb muscle atrophy during 56-day bed-rest." J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2009 Oct-Dec;9(4):225-35.

Thompson, Sylvia. "Green light for exercise." The Irish Times. 2009, Nov 24.

Schyns F, Paul L, Finlay K, Ferguson C, Noble E. Vibration therapy in multiple sclerosis: a pilot study exploring its effects on tone, muscle force, sensation and functional performance. Clin Rehabil. Sep 2009;23(9):771-81. Epub Jun 26, 2009 .

Alentorn-Geli E, Padilla J, Moras G, Lázaro Haro C, Fernández-Solà J. "Six weeks of whole-body vibration exercise improves pain and fatigue in women with fibromyalgia." J Altern Complement Med. Oct 2008;14(8):975-81.

Rietschel E, van Koningsbruggen S, Fricke O, Semler O, Schoenau E. "Whole body vibration: a new therapeutic approach to improve muscle function in cystic fibrosis?" Int J Rehabil Res. 2008 Sep;31(3):253-6.

Semler, O.; O. Fricke, K. Vezyroglou, C. Stark, A. Stabrey, E. Schoenau. "Results of a prospective pilot trial on mobility after whole body vibration in children and adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta." Clinical Rehabilitation. May 2008; 22(5):387-94.

Reichardt, Christian. "Whole Body Vibration and Scoliosis Treatment." The American Chiropractor. April 2008:48-50.

Semler, O., O. Fricke, K. Vezyroglou, C. Stark, E. Schoenau. "Preliminary results on the mobility after whole body vibration in immobilized children and adolescents." J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 2007; 7(1):77-81."One session of whole body vibration increases voluntary muscle strength transiently in patients with stroke." Clinical Rehabilitation 2007. Vol. 21: 782–793.

Tihanyi, T.K., M. Horváth, G. Fazekas, T. Hortobágyi and J. Tihanyi.

Haas, Christian T., Stephan Turbanski, Kirn Kessler and Dietmar Schmidtbleicher. "The effects of random whole-body-vibration on motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease." NeuroRehabilitation 21, 2006: 29–36.

Price, Kelly. Article in the Nashville Medical News. “MS and WBV: A Promising Combination.” October 2006.

Schuhfried, Othmar, C. Mittermaier, T. Jovanovic, K. Pieber and T. Paternostro-Sluga. "Effects of whole-body vibration in patients with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study." Clinical Rehabilitation 2005. Vol. 19: 834-842.

Fontana , Tania L., Carolyn A. Richardson, and Warren R. Stanton. "The effect of weightbearing exercise with low frequency, whole body vibration on lumbosacral proprioception: A pilot study on normal subjects." Australian Journal of Physiotherapy. 2005: Vol. 51.

Turbanski S, Haas CT, Schmidtbleicher D, Friedrich A, Duisberg P. "Effects of random whole-body vibration on postural control in Parkinson’s disease." Research in Sports Medicine, 2005, Jul – Sep, Vol. 13, No. 3, pg. 243-56.

van Nes, Ilse J.W., et al. "Short-Term Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Postural Control in Unilateral Chronic Stroke Patients: Preliminary Evidence." Abstract from the American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 83, No. 11, Nov. 2004, pg. 867-873.

Verschueren, S., M. Roelants, C. Delecluse, S. Swinnen, D. Vanderschueren and S. Boonen. "Effect of 6-Month Whole Body Vibration Training on Hip Density, Muscle Strength, and Postural Control in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 19, March 2004, pg. 352-359.

Lenhardt, M.L., et al. "Use of High-Frequency and Muscle Vibration in the Treatment of Tinnitus." International Tinnitus Journal, 2003, Vol. 9, No. 1, pg. 32-36.

Bone Health / Osteoporosis

Belavý DL, Beller G, Armbrecht G, Perschel FH, Fitzner R, Bock O, Börst H, Degner C, Gast U, Felsenberg D. Evidence for an additional effect of whole-body vibration above resistive exercise alone in preventing bone loss during prolonged bed rest. Osteoporos Int. 2010 Sep 3. [Epub ahead of print]

Verschueren SM, Bogaerts A, Delecluse C, Claessens AL, Haentjens P, Vanderschueren D, Boonen S. The effects of whole body vibration training and vitamin D supplementation on muscle strength, muscle mass and bone density in institutionalised elderly women – A 6-month randomised controlled trial. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 2010 Jul 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Judex S, Rubin CT. Is bone formation induced by high-frequency mechanical signals modulated by muscle activity?. Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions.. 2010 Mar; 10(1): 3-11.

Slatkovska L, Alibhai SM, Beyene J, Cheung AM. Effect of whole-body vibration on BMD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Osteoporosis International. 2010 Apr 21. [Epub ahead of print]

von Stengel S, Kemmler W, Engelke K, Kalender WA . "Effects of whole body vibration on bone mineral density and falls: results of the randomized controlled ELVIS study with postmenopausal women." Osteoporos Int. 2010 Mar 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Wenger KH, Freeman JD, Fulzele S, Immel DM, Powell BD, Molitor P, Chao YC, Gao HS, El-Salanty M, Hamrick MW, Isales CM, Yu JC. Effect of whole-body vibration on bone properties in aging mice. Bone. 2010 Jul 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Humphries B, Fenning A, Dugan E, Guinane J, MacRae K. "Whole-body vibration effects on bone mineral density in women with or without resistance training." Aviat Space Environ Med. 2009 Dec;80(12):1025-31.

de Zepetnek JO, Giangregorio LM, Craven BC. "Whole-body vibration as potential intervention for people with low bone mineral density and osteoporosis: a review." J Rehabil Res Dev. 2009;46(4):529-42.

Rittweger J, Beller G, Armbrecht G, Mulder E, Buehring B, Gast U, Dimeo F, Schubert H, de Haan A, Stegeman DF, Schiessl H, Felsenberg D. "Prevention of bone loss during 56 days of strict bed rest by side-alternating resistive vibration exercise." Bone 2009 Sep 2; Epub ahead of print.

von Stengel S, Kemmler W, Mayer S, Engelke K, Klarner A, Kalender WA. "Effect of whole body vibration exercise on osteoporotic risk factors." Dtsch Med Wochenschr [article in German]. Jul 2009;134(30):1511-6. Epub Jul 14, 2009 .

Sehmisch S, Galal R, Kolios L, Tezval M, Dullin C, Zimmer S, Stuermer KM, Stuermer EK. "Effects of low-magnitude, high-frequency mechanical stimulation in the rat osteopenia model." Osteoporos Int. Mar 13, 2009 .

Ezenwa B, Burns E, Wilson C. "Multiple vibration intensities and frequencies for bone mineral density improvement." Conference Proceedings, IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2008;1:4186-9.

Palca, Joe. "Vibrations Shown to Build Bone, Reduce Fat." A news article featuring Clinton Rubin’s research into whole body vibration. National Public Radio (text and audio), October 29, 2007 .

Rubin, Clinton T. "Contraindications and Potential Dangers of the Use of Vibration as a Treatment for Osteoporosis and other Musculoskeletal Diseases." Published April 2007.

Gilsanz, Vicente, Tishya AL Wren, Monique Sanchez, Frederick Dorey, Stefan Judex, and Clinton Rubin. "Low-Level, High-Frequency Mechanical Signals Enhance Musculoskeletal Development of Young Women With Low BMD." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. Vol. 21, No. 9, 2006.

Rubin, Clinton, Stefan Judex, Yi-Xian Qin. "Low-level mechanical signals and their potential as a non-pharmacological intervention for osteoporosis." Age and Ageing. 2006; 35-S2: ii32–ii36.

Rubin, Janet; Clinton Rubin, Christopher Rae Jacobs. "Molecular pathways mediating mechanical signaling in bone." Gene. 2006 Feb 15. 367: 1-16.

Verschueren, S., M. Roelants, C. Delecluse, S. Swinnen, D. Vanderschueren and S. Boonen. "Effect of 6-Month Whole Body Vibration Training on Hip Density, Muscle Strength, and Postural Control in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 19, March 2004, pg. 352-359.

Barry, Patrick L. quot;Good Vibrations: A New Treatment Under Study by NASA-funded Doctors Could Reverse Bone Loss Experienced by Astronauts in Space." Science @ NASA Web site, Nov. 2, 2001 .

Bosco, C., R. Colli, E. Introini, M. Cardinale, M. Iacovelli’, J. Tihanyi, S.P. von Duvillard, A. Viru. "Adaptive Responses of Human Skeletal Muscle to Vibration Exposure." Clinical Physiology, Vol. 19, No. 2, Feb. 1999, pg. 183.[PDF]

Schießl, H., J. Willnecker. "New Insights about the Relationship between Bone Strength and Muscle Strength." Paper abstract.[PDF]

General Information

Marín PJ, Bunker D, Rhea MR, Ayllón FN. "Neuromuscular activity during whole-body vibration of different amplitudes and footwear conditions: implications for prescription of vibratory stimulation." J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Nov;23(8):2311-6.

"Vibration and the Neuromuscular System." Educational article from the Perth Integrated Health Clinic.

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